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Pakistan, being a developing nation not only faces problems in controlling crime but also in setting up an effective educational system for the under privileged of the society. We generally lack an effective instructional framework for the educational system which further leads to low performances and poor achievement in schools.

The educational system in the West consists of student, professional and systemic learning. Further explained, the students’ learning is linked to teachers’ professional learning and systemic learning in turn supports the idea of how the school can become more effective. Lastly, when the students will learn, the system would too. However, these three kinds of learning lack in Pakistan’s educational system.

What is systemic learning or Instructional Framework?

Instructional framework is basically the norms and values, rules, structures and processes that guide what is to be adhered in the classroom.

The focus on reading and developing vocabulary is the cornerstone of most educational systems around the world. They work with the approach of management by objective whereby they team up to work for a common objective and share ideas so that everyone can be on the same wavelength.

Is there any room for weak students in schools?

As a rule, extra support is given by teachers to students who are comparatively weaker in class room. This extra support is given through one to one coaching, use of technology, homework support, additional assessment time, before, during or after school within the school premises. However, in Pakistan, while 52% of the total teaching faculty is enrolled in government schools out of which 18% of the teachers are absent on any given day. Such is the condition of education in developing countries. In this case the underprivileged or weaker students may not get the personal attention they need to learn effectively.

Importance of reading as a whole.

Reading is highly motivated in schools since the third grade as it is believed that if a student isn’t able to read by then, he/she will face difficulty in learning to read afterwards. Reading requires practice to improve, thus, schools motivate students to read. On the other hand, Pakistan faced difficulty in setting up ways to measure the literacy rate as before that any person who could read any print in any language was considered to be a literate. The students here focus more on the quantity rather than quality of education.

Performances are always linked to each other.

Students performances are reflective of teachers’ performances which in turn are reliant on the Administration’s performance.

This equation can be further explained as everything in a school system is interlinked to each other. For instance, if the student is getting a good grade, it means the teacher is teaching well which further points towards a good administrative system as they keep a good check on the teachers’ ability to teach.

Hence if children are not performing or failure rates are high this would point to a teacher who is has failed to get the knowledge across in an engaging and memorable way. This merely shows how the administration has failed to complete its task of looking after whatever is done by the teachers in government schools.

Question yourself

  1. Have you identified benchmark standards of your education?
  2. Are your students involved in creative thinking and self-assessments?
  3. Can your teachers explain what ‘good teaching’ is?
  4. Does your teacher have the expertise to help you conduct researches?
  5. Have your teachers adapted a different and effective assessment policy?
  6. How do you assess your own learning?
  7. Have the educational criterions been identified?
  8. Does your teacher possess attributes to lead you to success?
  9. How does your school identify the students who need extra support?
  10. How is reading taught to the students who do not learn to read by the third grade?
  11. How do you know when you need to develop professionally?
  12. Are you encouraged, curious and ready to take risks?
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