Education is a fundamental human right and every child in Pakistan, and all around the world, is entitled to it. It is critical to our development as individuals and as societies, and it helps cover the way to a successful and productive future. When we ensure that children have access to a quality education that is rooted in gender equality, we create a ripple effect of opportunity that impacts generations to come. Unfortunately, in our Country, education is one of the deprived fields and unable to get due attention by past governments. As per statistical data from UNESCO, the education system of Pakistan is comprised of 260,903 institutions and is facilitating 41,018,384 students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. The system is composed of 180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions.
The public sector is an important player in providing education services, but making high-quality education accessible for all requires innovative programs and initiatives in addition to public resources and leadership. There are ways in which the public and private sectors can join together to complement each other’s strengths in providing education services and helping to meet development goals for education and to improve learning outcomes.
In Pakistan, The total number of teachers at middle level is 351,367, out of which 123,049 teachers are performing their duties in public sector. The remaining 228,318 teachers are providing their services in private schools. In Pakistan, 1,397 degree colleges are providing their services in education system. Out of these 1,283 (92%) are in public sector, whereas 114 (only 8%) are in private sector.
Teacher education refers to the policies and procedures designed to equip prospective teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school and wider community. Although ideally it should be conceived of, and organized as, a seamless continuum, teacher education is often divided into these stages:
- Initial teacher training / education (a pre-service course before entering the classroom as a fully responsible teacher); 62% 38% Distribution of T&V Enrolment by Gender Male Female 50% 50% Distribution of T&V Teachers by Sector in % Public Private 68% 32% Distribution of T&V Teachers by Gender Male Female 21
- Induction (the process of providing training and support during the first few years of teaching or the first year in a particular school); and
- Teacher development or continuing professional development (CPD) (an in-service process for practicing teachers).
It is quite possible that a teacher has completed his or her training and college education without learning any new techniques. When this happens, the material becomes unexciting and boring, and does not adequately incorporate new techniques and technology that may be required to enhance learning. Today, teacher education programs in Pakistan are offering teachers new ways to keep their classrooms and curriculum entertaining, exciting, and highly educational. They also teach new teaching styles, and offer further teacher education certification.
More and more countries around the world are now stressing on teacher education programs, and teacher unions are now actively participating as well. These new programs are showing a great deal of benefits, such as the ability to earn teacher education certification, improve their general skills, improve the overall organization, improve time management, and learn more advanced ways to better motivate students. All of these aspects have been shown to result in greater student grades, and a higher level of classroom interest.
It should come as no surprise that if students better understand the subject material, and are taught in a more dedicated way, they will flourish both in and out of the classroom, creating an atmosphere of interest for all students which would make them feel comfortable, and encourage them to participate in classroom activities and ask questions, leading to a more effective lesson, and greater overall learning.
By providing teachers with teacher education programs, they are able to continue their own learning, gain vital skills that they may not have been able to learn by college courses, and stay updated with new the techniques. Not only is it critical for teachers to know their material, they must also be able to help students in order for them to fully succeed. These programs provide just that, educating teachers on the best ways to instruct and motivate students for the best possible outcomes.
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